References step 1. Tham Seong Chee, Faith and Modernization: An examination of Altering (Traditions One of Singapore’s Chinese, Malays, and you will Indians (Singapore: Graham Brash, 1985), 62. RSING 57 THA) dos. Lee Siew Hoon, “ Satisfying New Lifeless while the Life style ,” Straits Moments , ten April 1988, 17. Singapore Federation out-of Chinese Clan Relationships, Chinese Heritage and you can Celebrations into the Singapore (Singapore: Singapore Federation out-of Chinese Clan Connections, 1989), 121. RSING 5105957 CHI-[CUS]); Tong Chee Kiong, Chinese Death Traditions inside Singapore (New york: Routledge Curzon, 2004), 43. RSING 57 Flood-[CUS]) cuatro. Tham, Religion and you can Modernization , 61. Tham, Faith and you may Modernization , 60. Singapore Federation away from Chinese Clan Associations, Chinese Tradition and you will Festivals in Singapore , 123; “ Singapore Funerals Taoism Condolence Techniques ,” Singapore Funeral service Qualities Vendor, , 7. Chang Jue, Our very own Heritage & Traditions: The brand new Origins ( Singapore: Mans Publishing, 2012), 122–25.
RSING 51 CHA) 8. Tong, Chinese Passing Traditions within the Singapore , thirty five. Tong, Chinese Demise Rituals within the Singapore , thirty five, 73; Lee Siew Hoon, “ Rewarding the fresh Inactive as well as the Living ,” Straits Times , ten April 1988, 17. Tong, Chinese Passing Traditions in the Singapore , 29, 31 fourteen. Singapore Casket, Personal correspondence, ; Tong, Chinese Demise Rituals for the Singapore , 30; “Singapore Funerals Taoism Condolence Means. Tong, Chinese Death Rituals inside the Singapore , 31. Bronze E. B., “Filial Piety and you will Burial Customs,” Burning bush 9, no. Tong, Chinese Dying Rituals within the Singapore , 31. Tong, Chinese Passing Traditions when you look at the Singapore , 29. Tong, Chinese Demise Traditions when you look at the Singapore , 33; Cephah Tan, “ ‘Discard Strategies Such Gambling and you may Demonstrating Wreaths’ ,” Straits Moments , fifteen May 1990, twenty-seven.
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Tong Chee Keong, Styles during the Traditional Chinese Faith inside Singapore (Singapore: Ministry out-of Neighborhood Advancement, 1989), thirty five. RSING Flood) twenty seven. Tong, Chinese Death Traditions inside the Singapore , 34. Chinese RSING ZCJ) 29. Tong, Chinese Passing Traditions from inside the Singapore , 34. Tong, Chinese Death Traditions inside the Singapore , 40. Tong, Chinese Demise Rituals in the Singapore , 40. Singapore Federation from Chinese Clan Relationships, Chinese Tradition and you will Celebrations inside the Singapore , 135; Tong, Chinese Dying Rituals into the Singapore , 55. Singapore Federation off Chinese Clan Connectivity, Chinese Heritage and you will Festivals into the Singapore , 135.
Subsequent financial support Stand Yin Fong, “ Brand new Chinese Funeral service Takes on another type of Look ,” Straits Moments , cuatro November 1948, 8. (Out of NewspaperSG)
Singapore Federation of Chinese Clan Relationships, Chinese Society and you will Celebrations in Singapore , 124–25
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Coffining you After the washing and dressing of one’s looks, brand new rulian (??), otherwise “entering the wood”, ritual is accomplished. 19 A mirror and a case out-of grain are placed for the brand new coffin so you can “light the way in which” also to make sure the dry might be well fed during the the afterworld. 20
Although not, on account of room constraints within the Singapore, every inactive are in reality cremated. In this case, the household returns on the crematorium just after cremation to gather brand new skeleton and ashes of inactive. The new stays is actually obtained off a dish having fun with chopsticks and you may listed in a keen urn. The fresh urn are both listed in an excellent columbarium, towards a keen ancestral altar home, otherwise installed within an enthusiastic ancestral tablet for the a forehead otherwise ancestral hall. thirty-six Friends and you may nearest and dearest pay the areas to your deceased by the creating traditions on ancestral altar otherwise tablet, such as the providing off as well as joss sticks. 37